After years of saving for a deposit, months of hunting for that dream home and countless hours spent searching for the perfect mortgage, there is still one major hurdle to get over in the quest for homeownership: a good credit history. Any would-be buyers who neglect this crucial aspect could be disappointed when they make their mortgage application.
As a general rule of thumb, the higher your credit score, the higher the chance that you'll be accepted for a mortgage – and if it's poor, you'll be rejected. It's worth bearing in mind that different lenders will use different criteria to score your credit-worthiness, which is why it's recommended to not only check your credit rating, but to check it with several different credit reference agencies to get an accurate idea of your ultimate eligibility.
As these credit check providers don’t all use the same scoring system, there’s no general advice possible as to what score you should aim for. Remember that you don't need to pay to get these scores; many agencies offer free trials and some don't charge anything for a simple score overview, so it's worth signing up to check your report and then, where necessary, cancelling your subscription before you're charged.
Many people may be under the impression that their credit score is great, especially if they’ve never borrowed any money, had a credit card or even dipped into their overdraft. However, they may be sorely mistaken, as people without a credit history will likely not have a good credit rating.
That’s because companies will have no reference to base these forever-in-the-black customers’ lending behaviour on, which makes them risky – and lenders try to minimise risk wherever they can. Instead, if you have a history of using a credit card and paying it off in full every month, you are likely to have a much better score than someone who’s never had a credit card. So, you may want to take out a credit card now if you’re planning to buy a home in the next year or so.
Of course, this isn’t the only red flag lenders look out for when it comes to potential customers, and those with a spotty borrowing record are still likely to have a worse score than those with no credit history at all. That’s why those thinking of taking out a credit card for the first time would do well to treat it with caution, and keep a close eye on their score.
Those with a history of borrowing should be aware that even if you’ve never missed a payment on any credit card or loan, meeting just minimum payments on your debt could be interpreted as a sign of financial stress. Additionally, taking on additional borrowing could worry lenders that you'll over-extend yourself by adding a mortgage to your debt burden.
Many lenders would want to wait and see if you could handle your increased debts before agreeing to grant a mortgage. They're required to thoroughly assess what you can reasonably afford to borrow and are obliged by law to adhere to strict lending criteria, so applicants should be aware that even something as simple as a single missed payment could be the difference between being accepted or declined.
While you’ll want to decrease your borrowing as much and as fast as possible, this could be easier said than done. If you have debt from several sources, you may want to consider consolidating this in a personal loan. It will give you one single debt payment to focus on and remove the temptation of borrowing more on credit cards (provided you remember to cancel and cut these up).
If you're hoping to climb onto the property ladder and your credit score isn’t great, you’ll need to take action. While getting a better credit history is by no means an easy feat, here are some steps you can start with to make sure that your record is as good as it can be:
To find out more about the mortgage application process, and how to give yours a welcome nudge in the right direction, also check out some of our other mortgage guides.
Our mortgage calculator helps you to see how much your mortgage might cost you each month.
Our how much can I borrow calculator gives you a range of how much a lender might consider lending you under a mortgage. This calculation is only an indication only.
Read our How much can I borrow for a mortgage guide to find out more about what can impact your potential sum of borrowing.
Disclaimer: This information is intended solely to provide guidance and is not financial advice. Moneyfacts will not be liable for any loss arising from your use or reliance on this information. If you are in any doubt, Moneyfacts recommends you obtain independent financial advice.